Osteoporosis is a major public health issue, affecting around three million people in the UK. Several lifestyle factors play a role in the development of the condition, including low physical activity, smoking, excess alcohol consumption and low intakes of bone health nutrients. The most important of these nutrients are vitamin D and calcium, which work in combination to strengthen and stabilise bone tissue. However, intake of calcium is low in some people, while vitamin D deficiency is widespread across the age spectrum. This learning module identifies key actions for improving bone health, with a focus on increased intake of beneficial nutrients.